IL History Video
What is Independent Living? This module will discuss the ways in which Independent Living philosophy and concepts differ from the medical model and traditional rehabilitation. This module will also provide familiarity with some of the disability leaders and events that launched, developed, and now sustain the Independent Living Movement. Disability was thought of almost exclusively as a medical, rehabilitation, and charity issue, from the 19th Century until about 1960.: The focus was on searching for medical cures to alleviate disabling conditions.
Page link to training page : http://www.ilru.org/il-history-and-philosophy-orientation-for-il-staff
The goal was to either “fix” people with disabilities or to segregate those who couldn’t be “fixed” in institutions. Let’s take a look at how Independent Living philosophy significantly differs from this traditional medical model/rehabilitation paradigm. The medical or rehabilitation paradigm defines disability as a defect in the individual. This way of looking at a disability centers on a medical professional who intervenes in the person’s life. This inevitably leads to a social role for the person with a disability as a powerless patient who is dependent on the experts for direction and decisions. Most people in this situation either never gain control or lose any control they did have. Expectations by professionals are generally low in terms of the person with a disability holding a job or living a constructive life. Read More